Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis, a general term for inflammation of the joints. What happens specifically with OA, is that the cartilage within a joint deteriorates and begins to break down, become stiff and lose its elasticity, making it more susceptible to damage, and causing the underlying bone to change or even rub into each other. It occurs most frequently in the hands, neck, spine, hips, toes and knees. Osteoarthritis is also known as degenerative joint disease or “wear and tear” arthritis. Symptoms of osteoarthritis include:

  • Joint swelling
  • Joint aching and soreness
  • Pain after overuse
  • Pain after long periods of inactivity
  • Stiffness after periods of rest